References Compiled for Honey-buzzard

  1. Agostini, Nicolantonio, Coleiro, Charles, & Panuccio, Michele, Analysis of the Autumn Migration of Juvenile Honey-buzzards (Pernis apivorus) across the Central Mediterranean, J Raptor Research 38 (3) 283-286 (2004).

  2. Agostini, N, Panuccio, M, & Massa, B, Flight Behaviour of Honey Buzzards Pernis apivorus during Migration over the Sea, Buteo 14 3-10 (2005).

  3. Agostini, Nicolantonio, & Mellone, Ugo, Migration strategies of Oriental Honey-buzzards Pernis ptilorhyncus breeding in Japan, Forktail 23 182-183 (2007).

  4. Alerstam, Thomas, Bird Migration, Cambridge (1993).

  5. Baker, Kevin, Identification Guide to European Non-Passerines, BTO Guide 24 (1993).

  6. Batten, L A, European Honey-buzzard Survey 2000 and 2001: preliminary results and requests for further surveys, British Birds 94(3) 143-144 (2001). Also see Ogilvie (2003) below for final results.

  7. Bijlsma, Rob G, with Blomert, Anne-Marie, van Manen, Willem, & Quist, Maria, Ecologische Atlas van de Nederlandse Roofvogels, Schuyt & Co, Haarlem (1993).

  8. Bijlsma, Rob G, Handleiding Veldonderzoek Roofvogels, KNNV Uitgeverij, Utrecht (1997).

  9. Bijlsma, Rob G, Honey Buzzard, in: EBCC Atlas of European Birds, Hagemeijer, Ward J M, & Blair, Michael J, edd, T & AD Poyser 130-131 (1997).

  10. Bijlsma, Rob G, Vermeulen, Minou, Hemerik, Lia, & Klok, Chris, Demography of European Honey Buzzards Pernis apivorus, Ardea 100(2) 163-177 (2012).

  11. BirdForum threads, debating Honey Buzzards in Northumberland 8930 9006 11155 23909 27634 85529 88470 123047 302320 (2003-2015) and in northern England 33280 (2005).

  12. Bivråken i Dalsland, .

  13. Bohrer, Gil, Brandes, David, Mandel, James T, Bildstein, Keith L, Miller, Tricia A, Lanzone, Michael, Katzner, Todd, Maisonneuve, Charles, & Tremblay, Junior A, Estimating updraft velocity components over large spatial scales: contrasting migration strategies of golden eagles and turkey vultures, Ecology Letters, doi: 10.1111/j.1461-0248.2011.01713.x (2011).

  14. Brown, Leslie H, Urban, Emil K, & Newman, Kenneth, Birds of Africa I (1982).

  15. Brown, Roy, Ferguson, John, Lawrence, Michael, & Lees, David, Tracks & Signs of the Birds of Britain and Europe: an Identification Guide. Christopher Helm, London (1987).

  16. Bruderer, Bruno, Blitzblau, Shai, & Peter, Dieter, Migration and Flight Behaviour of Honey Buzzards Pernis apivorus in Southern Israel observed by Radar, Ardea 82(1) 111-122 (1994).

  17. BTO, Scandinavian raptor surprise, Birdwatch, (2008).

  18. Catchpole, C K, Vocal Communication in Birds, Studies in Biology 115 (1979).

  19. Catley, G, Honey-buzzards in Lincolnshire with special reference to the 2000 invasion, in Lincolnshire Bird Club Articles (2001).

  20. Cieślak, Marian, & Dul, Bolestaw, Feathers: Identification for Bird Conservation, Natura, Warsaw (2006).

  21. Clark, J M, & Eyre, J A, Birds of Hampshire, Hampshire Ornithological Society (1993).

  22. Clark, William S, A Field Guide to the Raptors of Europe, The Middle East and North Africa, illustrations by Schmitt, N John, Oxford (1999).

  23. Clements, R, The Hobby in Britain: a New Population Estimate, British Birds 94(9) 402-408 (2001).

  24. Clements, Rob, Honey-buzzards in Britain, British Birds 98(3) 153-155 (2005).

  25. Collins Bird Guide, Mullarney, K, Svensson, L, Zetterström, D, & Grant, Peter J, Collins Field Guides, HarperCollins, London (2001).

  26. Combridge, Pete, Christie, David A, & Ferguson-Lees, J, Breeding European Honey-buzzards in Britain, British Birds 96(5) 258-260 (2003).

  27. Combridge, Pete, Christie, David A, & Ferguson-Lees, I J, Breeding Honey-buzzards in Britain: fact, fiction and wishful thinking, British Birds 98(9):488-489 (2005).

  28. Cooper, J, The Influx of Honey Buzzards and other Raptors in Sussex during Autumn 2000, Sussex Bird Report no.53, 187-192 (2001).

  29. Couzens, Dominic, Birds by Behaviour, Collins (2003).

  30. Cramp, S, (ed.), The Birds of the Western Palearctic, II, Oxford University Press (1980).

  31. Cramp, S, (ed.), The Birds of the Western Palearctic, III, Oxford University Press (1983).

  32. Desmet, Emmanuel, & Faveyts, Wouter, Toptrek boven de Lage Landen: Hoe bijzondere weersfactoren leidden tot buitengewone roofvogeltrek boven Nederland en Vlaanderen op 13 en 14 september 2008, In Het Veld, Natuur.oriolus 75(3) 73-78 (2009),

  33. Dierschke, V, Occurrence of raptors on Helgoland (German Bight, North Sea): regular migration or wind drift? Vogelwelt 122: 247-256 (2001) available here.

  34. Duff, Daniel G, Has the Plumage of juvenile Honey-buzzard evolved to mimic that of Common Buzzard? British Birds 99((3) 118-128 (2006).

  35. Elliott, Simon T, Diagnostic Differences in the Calls of Honey-buzzard and Common Buzzard, British Birds 98(9) 494-496 (2005).

  36. Etheridge, Brian, European Honey-buzzard 1 442-445, in: The Birds of Scotland, Forrester, Ron, & Andrews, Ian, edd, Scottish Ornithologists' Club (2007).

  37. Ferguson-Lees, James, and Christie, David A, Raptors of the World, Christopher Helm (2001).

  38. Forsman, Dick, & Shirihai, Hadoram, Identification, Ageing, and Sexing of Honey-buzzard, Dutch Birding 19(1) 1-7 (1997).

  39. Forsman, Dick, The Raptors of Europe and the Middle East. A Handbook of Field Identification, T & AD Poyser (1999).

  40. Forsman, Dick, The Winter Buzzard, Birdwatch, no. 140, February, 33-36 (2004).

  41. Forsman, Dick, Flight Identification of Raptors of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East, Christopher Helm, Separating Common Buzzard and European Honey-buzzard, p.302 (2016).

  42. Fraser, P A, & Rogers, M J, Report on Scarce Migrant Birds in Britain in 2000, British Birds 95(12) 610-612 (2002).

  43. Gantlett, S, & Millington, R, Honey Buzzards in September 2000, Birding World 13: 363-364 (2000).

  44. Garcia, Ernest F J, & Bensusan, Keith J, Northbound Migrant Raptors in June and July at the Strait of Gibraltar, British Birds 99(11) 569-575 (2006).

  45. Génsbøl, Benny, Collins Birds of Prey, Collins (2008). 
  46. Grantham, Mark, Scandinavian invaders arrive en masse, BirdGuides/BTO, (2008). 
  47. Groombridge, Brian, Honey-buzzards in Britain: flatlining or increasing? (2012). 
  48. Hagemeijer,W J M, & Blair, M J, (edd) 1997, The EBCC Atlas of European Breeding Birds. Poyser, London (1997).
  49. Hake, M, Kjellén, N, & Alerstam, T, Age-dependent migration strategy in Honey Buzzards Pernis apivorus tracked by satellite - OIKOS 103:341-349 (2003). available here

  50. Hancock, J, A Catalogue of the Birds of Northumberland and Durham, Nat. Hist. Trans. Newcastle 6 1-174 (1874).

  51. Hardey, Jon, Crick, Humphrey, Wernham, Chris, Riley, Helen, Etheridge, Brian, & Thompson, Des, Raptors: A Field Guide to Survey and Monitoring, Scottish Natural Heritage (2006).

  52. Harvey, Malcolm, Honey-buzzards in Britain, British Birds 98(9):489-490 (2005).

  53. Heinzel, Hermann, Fitter, Richard, & Parslow, John, Birds of Britain & Europe: with North Africa & the Middle East, HarperCollins, London (1995).

  54. Highland of Scotland study group, Forest Enterprise, Highland Foundation for Wildlife, Highland Raptor Study Group, Honey Buzzards Tracked by Satellite from Inverness, Honey Buzzards (2001-2004).

  55. Holloway, Simon, The Historical Breeding Atlas for 1875-1900, T & AD Poyser (1996)

  56. Irons, Anthony, Breeding of the Honey Buzzard (Pernis apivorus) in Nottinghamshire, Nottinghamshire Ornithological Society 15pp (1980).

  57. Jonsson, Lars, Birds of Europe, Christopher Helm (1992).

  58. Kjellén, N, & Roos, G, Population Trends in Swedish Raptors demonstrated by Migration Counts at Falsterbo, Sweden 1942-97, Bird Study 47(2) 195-211 (2000).

  59. Kostrzewa, A, Honey Buzzard, in: BWP Update, 2(2) 107-120 (1998).

  60. Lees, C Alexander, The 2008 Honey Buzzard Influx, Lincolnshire Bird Report 2008 124-129 (2009).

  61. Leysen, K, Roofvogeltrek over Vlaanderen op 9 oktober 2002. Natuur.oriolus 69(3): 104-109 (2003).

  62. LIPU, Siti web di interesse naturalistico .

  63. Mandel, J T, Bohrer, G, Winkler, D W, Barber, D R, Houston, C S, & Bildstein, K L, Migration path annotation: cross-continental study of migration flight response to environmental conditions. Ecol Appl 21 2258-2268 (2011).

  64. Macià, F X, Menchetti, M, Corbella, C, Grajera, J & Vila, R. Exploitation of the invasive Asian Hornet Vespa velutina by the European Honey Buzzard Pernis apivorus. Bird Study, 66:3, 425-429 (2019); summarised by BirdGuides, European Honey Buzzards prey on invasive hornets, (2019).

  65. McInerny, Christopher J, Honey-buzzard carrying a reptile during display flight, Scottish Birds 34(2) p.143 (2014).

  66. McInerny, C J, KD Shaw, A Little, K Little, K Hoey, K Gibb. B Kerr, Honey-buzzards in central Scotland: observations and comparisons from two study areas during 2017, Scottish Birds 38(1) 15-29 (2018).

  67. McInerny, C.J., Shaw, K.D., Hoey, K., Little, A., Little, K., Gibb, K., Kerr, B & Nadin, J.S. Honey-buzzards in central Scotland during 2018: a different breeding year. Scottish Birds 38, 308-313 (2018).

  68. McInerny, C J, & Shaw, K D, The honey-buzzard in Scotland: a rare, secretive and elusive summer visitor and breeder, The Glasgow Naturalist (online 2018) Volume 27, Part 1, available at

  69. McKenzie, Des, London Raptors: a review of September 2008, BirdGuides, (2008).

  70. Meyburg, B-U, Ziesemer, F, Martens, H D, & Meyburg, C, On the biology of the Honey Buzzard (Pernis apivorus) - Results of Satellite Tracking, 7th international symposium Population Ecology of Raptors and Owls, Halberstadt, Germany 21-24 October (2010).

  71. Meyer, S K, Spaar, R, & Bruderer, B, To cross the sea or to follow the coast? Flight directions and behaviour of migrating raptors approaching the Mediterranean Sea in autumn, Behaviour 137: 379-399 (2000).

  72. Mitchell, D, The Honey Buzzard Invasion: a Once in a Lifetime Event, Birdwatch 101 60-61 (2000).

  73. Mummery, L, Gulliver, J, & Emmett, R E, Honey-buzzards in Britain, British Birds 97(9) 476-477 (2004).

  74. Münch, Hans, Der Wespenbussard, Die Neue Brehm Bucherei 151 98pp, A. Ziemsen Verlag, Wittenberg, Lutherstadt (1955); reprinted Westarp (2004).

  75. Naoroji, Rishad, Birds of Prey of the Indian Subcontinent, Christopher Helm, London (2006).

  76. Newman , Kenneth, Birds of Southern Africa, Struik, Cape Town (2002).

  77. Newsome, Mark, The Honey-buzzard Passage in Autumn 2008, Birds in Durham 2008, Durham Bird Club 177-186 (2009).

  78. Newton, Ian, Population Ecology of Raptors, T & AD Poyser (1979), print-on-demand (2010).

  79. Nicholson, E M, P A D, Hollom, H M, Salmon, J W, Campbell, P W, Sandeman, P E, Brown, and Ferguson-Lees, I J, The Rarer Birds of Prey, Their Present Status in the British Isles, British Birds 50(4) 129-155 (1957).

  80. Northumberland County Records Committee, the Honey Buzzard Pernis apivorus Review, Birds in Northumbria 2004, 223-225 (2005).

  81. Oddie, Bill, & Doherty, Paul, The Raptors of Britain & Europe, Video Guide VHS, Bird Images, Sherburn-in-Elmet.

  82. Ogilvie, M A, European Honey-buzzards in the UK -- correction to breeding totals, British Birds 96(3) 145 (2003).

  83. Page, Andy, Honey-buzzard Pernis apivorus, in: Hampshire Bird Atlas 2007-2012, John Eyre (ed), Hampshire Ornithological Society (2015).

  84. Panuccio, Michele, Across and around a barrier: migration ecology of raptors in the Mediterranean basin, PhD thesis abstract, Scientifica Acta 5(1) EEG 27-36 (2011). pdf

  85. Panuccio, M, Agostini, N, Lucia, G, Mellone, U, Ashton-Boot, J, Wilson, S, Chiatante, G, & Todisco, S, Local weather conditions affect migration strategies of adult Western Honey Buzzards (Pernis apivorus) through an isthmus area, Zoological Studies 49(5) 651-656 (2010). pdf

  86. Panuccio, M, Agostini, N, Wilson, S, Lucia, G, Ashton-Booth, J, Chiatante, G, Mellone, U, & Todisco, S, Does the Honey-buzzard feed during Migration? British Birds 99(7) 365-367 (2006).

  87. Panuccio, M, Chiatante, G, & Tarini, D, Two different migration strategies in response to an ecological barrier: Western Marsh Harriers and juvenile European Honey Buzzards crossing the central-eastern Mediterranean in autumn, Journal of Biological Research - Thessaloniki 19 10-18 (2013). pdf

  88. Porter, R F, Willis, I, Christensen, S, & Nielsen, B P, Flight Identification of European Raptors, T & AD Poyser (1981).

  89. Prytherch, Robin, The Breeding Biology of the Common Buzzard, British Birds 106(5) 264-279 (2013).

  90. Roberts, S J, Lewis, M S, & Williams, I T, Breeding Honey-Buzzards in Britain, British Birds 92(7) 326-344 (1999).

  91. Roberts, S J, & Coleman, M, Some Observations on the Diet of European Honey-buzzards in Britain, British Birds, 94(9) 433-436 (2001).

  92. Roberts, S J, & Lewis, J M S, Observation of Honey-buzzard Breeding Density in Britain, British Birds 96(1) 37-39 (2003).

  93. Roberts, S, Breeding Biology of Honey Buzzards in Britain, talk to North of England Raptor Group, Penrith, Cumbria, 22nd November (2003).

  94. Roberts, S J, & Lewis, J M S, British-ringed Honey-buzzards return to breed in the UK, British Birds 101 203-206 (2008).

  95. Roberts, Stephen J, & Law, Colin, Honey-buzzards in Britain, British Birds 107(11) 668-691 (2014).

  96. Rossiter, N, The Historical Status of the Honey Buzzard in Northumberland, Birds in Northumbria 1997, 121-125 (1998).

  97. Rossiter, N, Northumberland's Birds in the 18th and early 19th Centuries: the Contribution of John Wallis (1714-1793), Transactions Natural History Society of Northumbria, 59(3) 93-136 (1999).

  98. Rossiter, Nick, The Honey Buzzard Movement in Britain in Autumn 2000, (2000-2003).

  99. Rossiter, Nick, Return of the Honey Buzzard, Birds in Northumbria 2001, Northumberland & Tyneside Bird Club, 169-172 (2002).

  100. Rossiter, Nick. The Honey-buzzard Season in SW Northumberland 2011: Report on Techniques, Results and Summaries (2012).

  101. Rossiter, Nick, The Honey-buzzard Movement in Britain in Autumn 2008 (2014).

  102. Sammut, Michael, Fenech, Natalino, Pirotta, Juan Ellul, Raptor Migration in Malta, British Birds 106(4) 217-223 (2013).

  103. Scottish Raptor Study Groups, Honey Buzzard, Brian Etheridge, (2006).

  104. Sharrock, J T R, The Atlas of Breeding Birds in Britain and Ireland, T & A D Poyser, Berkhamsted (1976).

  105. Shaw, K D, CJ McInerny, A Little, K Little, JS Nadin, R Goater, An exceptional season at a central Scotland Honey-buzzard study area, Scottish Birds 37(1) 3-13 (2017).

  106. Simmons, L G, An Environmental History of Great Britain, Edinburgh University Press (2001).

  107. Svensson, Mikael, & Tjernberg, Martin, ArtDatabanken, MS Natural Facts, A072 Honey Buzzard (Pernis apivorus) Latest update: 2003-04-08 (2003).

  108. Svensson, Mikael, & Tjernberg, Martin, ArtDatabanken, Swedish Species Information Center, Pernis apivorus, bivråk, Hökartade rovfåglar STARKT HOTAD (EN) A2bde (2005). pdf

  109. Temperley, G W, A History of the Birds of Durham, Transactions Natural History Society of Northumbria (NS) 9 1-296 (1951).

  110. Thorup, Kasper, Alerstam, Thomas, Hake, Mikael, & Kjellén, Nils, Can vector summation describe the orientation system of juvenile ospreys and honey buzzards? – An analysis of ring recoveries and satellite tracking, OIKOS 103: 350–359 (2003). available here

  111. Tubbs, C R, The New Forest, Collins, London (1996).

  112. Unwin, Brian, Honey buzzards make second surprise invasion, Daily Telegraph, September (2008).

  113. Wallis, J, The Natural History and Antiquities of Northumberland and of so much of the county of Durham as lies between the rivers Tyne and Tweed, commonly called north Bishoprick, W. and W. Strahan, London I (1769).

  114. Werkgroep Roofvogels Nederland, .

  115. Wernham, C, Toms, M, Marchant, J, Clark, J, Siriwardena, G, & Baillie, S, The Migration Atlas, Movements of the Birds of Britain and Ireland, BTO, T & AD Poyser (2002).

  116. White, Rev. Gilbert, The Natural History and Antiquities of Selborne in the county of Southampton, the Standard Edition by E.T. Bennett, thoroughly revised, with additional notes, by James Edmund Harting, 3rd edition, illustrated with engravings by Thos Bewick, published Bickers and Son, London (1884). eBook for Volume 1 in Project Gutenberg, available at The original – Gilbert White, The Natural History and Antiquities of Selborne – was published in London by Cassell & Company (1789).

  117. White, Rev. Gilbert, The Natural History of Selborne, journals of Gilbert White.

  118. Wiseman, E J, Breeding Honey-buzzards in Britain, British Birds 97(8) 417.(2004).

  119. Wiseman, E J, Honey-buzzards in southern England, British Birds 105(1) 23-28 (2012).

  120. Witherby, H F, Jourdain, F C R, Ticehurst, N F, & Tucker, B W, The Handbook of British Birds III, HF & G Witherby, London (1939). (The Honey-Buzzard – Pernis apivorus apivorus, number 281, plate 71, p 95-99).

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